Here you are some curiosities and 5-mins informations about Giorgio De Chirico. With his “Metaphysical Painting” and his mysterious squares, he laid the foundations for Surrealism.


-He was born in 1888 in Greece, that’s why Greece and the classical world will play a fundamental role in the artist’s imagination: in his paintings there are a lot of columns, classical busts and white marble statues.

-De Chirico’s painting of the first square, “Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon” (1910) was born from a vision, as the artist himself explained later: “I had the strange impression of looking at those things for the first time, and the composition of the painting revealed itself to my mind’s eye. “

“Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon” (1910)

To become truly immortal a work of art must escape all human limits: logic and common sense will only interfere. But once these barriers are broken it will enter the regions of childhood vision and dream.

Giorgio De Chirico

-Giorgio de Chirico’s works are moments stolen from a dream, captured and transposed onto the canvas, as evidence of an unconscious that confesses in a painting.

Key elements of De Chirico’s metaphysical works are the immense squares devoid of human presence in which bizarre elements emerge such as mannequins, marble busts and classical columns. From these works there is often a sense of loneliness and restlessness, as if one were immersed in a strange dream.

“Piazza Italia” (1913)

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Metaphysical painting will lay the foundations for Surrealism, an artistic current that will favor the representation of the artist’s inner self at the expense of realistic fidelity. Surrealist artists are Mirò, Dalì (READ HIS “SHOT” HERE), Magritte.

After World War II, de Chirico started what is known as the “Baroque phase“, with works that portray still-lifes, historical mythological subjects and self-portraits such as the famous “Self-portrait with armor” (1967).

“Self-portrait with armor (1967)

Although the dream is a very strange phenomenon and an inexplicable mystery, far more inexplicable is the mystery and aspect our minds confer on certain objects and aspects of life.

Giorgio De Chirico

DID YOU KNOW…

why he uses mannequins in his artworks?

In most of his works of art we can clearly see that there are many wooden mannequins. Of course they look scary, but I’ve always wondered “why this particular subjects? There are a lot of scarier things, why them?”

“Colonial mannequins” (1943)

For the figure of the mannequin, a symbol of the contemporary man-automaton, De Chirico draws inspiration from the “The Bald Man” (a man without a face), character in a play by his brother Alberto Savinio, painter and writer.


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